If you want to discover your genetic history and where you came from... you’ve found the right place!


review of scientific and news articles on dna testing and popular genetics

Filipinos, Negritos and Austronesians

Thursday, January 13, 2011

The Y-chromosome landscape of the Philippines: extensive heterogeneity and varying genetic affinities of Negrito and non-Negrito groups

Frederick Delfin1,2, Jazelyn M Salvador1, Gayvelline C Calacal1, Henry B Perdigon1, Kristina A Tabbada1, Lilian P Villamor1, Saturnina C Halos1, Ellen Gunnarsdóttir2, Sean Myles1,6, David A Hughes2, Shuhua Xu3, Li Jin3, Oscar Lao4, Manfred Kayser4, Matthew E Hurles5, Mark Stoneking2 and Maria Corazon A De Ungria1

European Journal of Human Genetics (2011) 19, 224–230; doi:10.1038/ejhg.2010.162; published online 29 September 2010


The Philippines exhibits a rich diversity of people, languages, and culture, including so-called ‘Negrito’ groups that have for long fascinated anthropologists, yet little is known about their genetic diversity. We report here, a survey of Y-chromosome variation in 390 individuals from 16 Filipino ethnolinguistic groups, including six Negrito groups, from across the archipelago. We find extreme diversity in the Y-chromosome lineages of Filipino groups with heterogeneity seen in both Negrito and non-Negrito groups, which does not support a simple dichotomy of Filipino groups as Negrito vs non-Negrito. Filipino non-recombining region of the human Y chromosome lineages reflect a chronology that extends from after the initial colonization of the Asia-Pacific region, to the time frame of the Austronesian expansion. Filipino groups appear to have diverse genetic affinities with different populations in the Asia-Pacific region. In particular, some Negrito groups are associated with indigenous Australians, with a potential time for the association ranging from the initial colonization of the region to more recent (after colonization) times. Overall, our results indicate extensive heterogeneity contributing to a complex genetic history for Filipino groups, with varying roles for migrations from outside the Philippines, genetic drift, and admixture among neighboring groups.


Please tell us what you think

Name, website, and email are optional; if we publish your comment, your name will be shown, and may be linked to your website if provided, but the email you enter will not be published.

Captcha Image

Recent Posts


Nephilim, Fritz Zimmerman Teresa Panther-Yates Mary Settegast Robinson Crusoe human leukocyte testing Walter Plecker origins of art London Denisovans Ancient Giantns Who Ruled America Indo-Europeans When Scotland Was Jewish epigenetics clinical chemistry anthropology Smithsonian Institution Sonora Iran occipital bun Elvis Presley DNA Miguel Gonzalez Charlotte Harris Reese INORA Oxford Journal of Evolution China Henriette Mertz DNA testing companies bar mitzvah FBI French Canadians consanguinity Bryan Sykes Bode Technology Columbia University Wikipedia Tennessee familial Mediterranean fever Basques Richard Buckley Nova Scotia haplogroup X Dienekes Anthropology Blog Phoenicians Normans Alec Jeffreys Erika Chek Hayden Hohokam Indians Pima Indians Cajuns Phyllis Starnes Wales rapid DNA testing Kate Wong Scientific American Barack Obama Barnard College New Mexico Cismaru Jewish novelists National Geographic Daily News Tom Martin Scroft New York Review of Books Jewish contribution to world literature Beringia M. J. Harper Sinti Amy Harmon mutation rate Colin Pitchfork Native American DNA Virginia genealogy Science Daily, Genome Biol. Evol., Eran Elhaik, Khazarian Hypothesis, Rhineland Hypothesis Charles Perou Algonquian Indians Riane Eisler crypto-Jews Nature Genetics rock art Middle Eastern DNA megapopulations far from the tree giants Italy Janet Lewis Crain John Butler Valparaiso University Asian DNA palatal tori Victor Hugo haplogroup J Genome Sciences Building Paleolithic Age history of science Michoacan George Starr-Bresette Current Anthropology African DNA Colin Renfrew Arizona Hertfordshire Henry IV Russell Belk medicine Rare Genes French DNA Finnish people Pueblo Grande Museum Nikola Tesla Havasupai Indians haplogroup L Belgium Daniel Defoe Harold Sterling Gladwin genetic determinism climate change Irish Central prehistoric art linguistics education aliyah population isolates University of Leicester Comanche Indians Tutankamun Secret History of the Cherokee Indians Jalisco Europe Jews Bradshaw Foundation Kentucky England Rutgers University Virginia DeMarce Stony Creek Baptist Church Gunnar Thompson Ari Plost Richard Lewontin Bentley surname research archeology Plato Patagonia Olmec Jews and Muslims in British Colonial America ISOGG Majorca Salt River Phillipe Charlier religion Tucson Rich Crankshaw Britain Sea Peoples DNA magazine Jack Goins GlobalFiler Choctaw Indians Cismar Acadians Russia Bureau of Indian Affairs genomics labs Melanesians John Wilwol Irish DNA Stephen Oppenheimer Altai Turks Arabic Wendell Paulson Maronites Clovis Wendy Roth James Shoemaker Sam Kean Kari Carpenter George van der Merwede immunology Ashkenazi Jews Carl Zimmer genetics El Castillo cave paintings Ananya Mandal Elzina Grimwood The Nation magazine haplogroup N haplogroup T Roberta Estes horizontal inheritance Harry Ostrer BATWING Middle Ages Albert Einstein College of Medicine haplogroup E Native American DNA Test Sorbs powwows Austronesian, Filipinos, Australoid DNA security Melungeons DNA Fingerprint Test Svante Paabo mummies Gravettian culture Bill Tiffee Luca Pagani Cleopatra NPR Anglo-Saxons Stone Age Telltown Turkic DNA health and medicine Anasazi Louis XVI Chris Tyler-Smith corn haplogroup M Khoisan Sizemore surname cannibalism ethnicity prehistory Patrick Henry art history Ripan Malhi cancer New York Academy of Sciences Y chromosomal haplogroups Maya ethics Chauvet cave paintings evolution Scotland New York Times phenotype Pomponia Graecina National Health Laboratories Daily News and Analysis Hopi Indians Rush Limbaugh Bering Land Bridge hoaxes Cancer Genome Atlas Jim Bentley Theodore Steinberg Muslims in American history Roma People Michael Schwartz family history AP Gila River Celts Jewish genetics Colima King Arthur, Tintagel, The Earliest Jews and Muslims of England and Wales Melungeon Union autosomal DNA Kurgan Culture haplogroup B polydactylism Khazars HapMap human leukocyte antigens Chuetas Joseph Jacobs Lebanon Asiatic Fathers of America single nucleotide polymorphism Penny Ferguson Slovakia Peter Martyr Sasquatch David Cornish surnames X chromosome Discover magazine personal genomics Bigfoot Ireland North African DNA Black Irish Arabia Mexico Harold Goodwin pheromones Zuni Indians Michael Grant Leicester Smithsonian Magazine bloviators Marija Gimbutas population genetics Sinaloa news Discovery Channel seafaring Sarmatians District of Columbia Life Technologies Keros Zizmer alleles Chris Stringer Israel, Shlomo Sand Navajo Stan Steiner 23andme MHC Fritz Zimmerman Neanderthals Old Souls in a New World Phoenix methylation Cherokee DNA Applied Epistemology Panther's Lodge Washington D.C. mental foramen Henry VII ethnic markers mitochondrial DNA Holocaust Arizona State University Epigraphic Society DNA Fingerprint Test Irish history Caucasian Nadia Abu El-Haj Horatio Cushman Sizemore Indians Monya Baker Cornwall Elizabeth C. Hirschman Anacostia Indians ancient DNA Solutreans Y chromosome DNA American Journal of Human Genetics Isabel Allende Early Jews of England and Wales Nature Communications Moundbuilders FDA Hohokam Chromosomal Labs Bode Technology Les Miserables Rafael Falk FOX News Panther's Lodge Publishers IntegenX Cave art Jone Entine research Abenaki Indians hominids forensics B'nai Abraham Alabama haplogroup H andrew solomon Mark Thomas Cohen Modal Haplotype Melba Ketchum Yates surname American history Tintagel Black Dutch Promega BBCNews oncology Tifaneg Abraham Lincoln Terry Gross haplogroup U Nayarit breast cancer Mary Kugler DNA databases Jon Entine North Carolina human migrations genealogy Freemont Indians DNA Forums CODIS markers Donald N. Yates Egyptians Anne Marie Fine Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute N. Brent Kennedy Cooper surname First Peoples Austro-Hungary Holocaust Database Constantine Rafinesque Melungeon Heritage Association Lab Corp Micmac Indians microsatellites EURO DNA Fingerprint Test Marie Cheng Stacy Schiff Greeks Richard III Richard Dewhurst admixture Etruscans Zionism Magdalenian culture Pueblo Indians Ziesmer, Zizmor Gregory Mendel William Byrd Eric Wayner Akhenaten Philippa Langley Israel Timothy Bestor Population genetics Jewish GenWeb Bryony Jones Early Jews and Muslims of England and Wales (book) haplogroup R Charles Darwin Monica Sanowar Germany Romania Ron Janke myths Peter Parham Science magazine statistics Great Goddess European DNA haplogroup Z race Shlomo Sand Neolithic Revolution Melungeon Movement Society for Crypto-Judaic Studies university of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Oxford Nanopore genetic memory Thuya clan symbols Waynesboro Pennsylvania King Arthur Gypsies PNAS Johnny Depp Helladic art Grim Sleeper India