If you want to discover your genetic history and where you came from... you’ve found the right place!


review of scientific and news articles on dna testing and popular genetics

Filipinos, Negritos and Austronesians

Thursday, January 13, 2011

The Y-chromosome landscape of the Philippines: extensive heterogeneity and varying genetic affinities of Negrito and non-Negrito groups

Frederick Delfin1,2, Jazelyn M Salvador1, Gayvelline C Calacal1, Henry B Perdigon1, Kristina A Tabbada1, Lilian P Villamor1, Saturnina C Halos1, Ellen Gunnarsdóttir2, Sean Myles1,6, David A Hughes2, Shuhua Xu3, Li Jin3, Oscar Lao4, Manfred Kayser4, Matthew E Hurles5, Mark Stoneking2 and Maria Corazon A De Ungria1

European Journal of Human Genetics (2011) 19, 224–230; doi:10.1038/ejhg.2010.162; published online 29 September 2010


The Philippines exhibits a rich diversity of people, languages, and culture, including so-called ‘Negrito’ groups that have for long fascinated anthropologists, yet little is known about their genetic diversity. We report here, a survey of Y-chromosome variation in 390 individuals from 16 Filipino ethnolinguistic groups, including six Negrito groups, from across the archipelago. We find extreme diversity in the Y-chromosome lineages of Filipino groups with heterogeneity seen in both Negrito and non-Negrito groups, which does not support a simple dichotomy of Filipino groups as Negrito vs non-Negrito. Filipino non-recombining region of the human Y chromosome lineages reflect a chronology that extends from after the initial colonization of the Asia-Pacific region, to the time frame of the Austronesian expansion. Filipino groups appear to have diverse genetic affinities with different populations in the Asia-Pacific region. In particular, some Negrito groups are associated with indigenous Australians, with a potential time for the association ranging from the initial colonization of the region to more recent (after colonization) times. Overall, our results indicate extensive heterogeneity contributing to a complex genetic history for Filipino groups, with varying roles for migrations from outside the Philippines, genetic drift, and admixture among neighboring groups.


Please tell us what you think

Name, website, and email are optional; if we publish your comment, your name will be shown, and may be linked to your website if provided, but the email you enter will not be published.

Captcha Image

Recent Posts


palatal tori Iran North Carolina Janet Lewis Crain Tucson cannibalism Native American DNA BATWING Etruscans horizontal inheritance Jan Ravenspirit Franz The Nation magazine DNA databases myths Jim Bentley Penny Ferguson Dragging Canoe Phyllis Starnes Russia Stan Steiner Maui Charlotte Harris Reese Algonquian Indians Ancient Giantns Who Ruled America Victor Hugo Genex Diagnostics Genome Sciences Building clinical chemistry Science Daily, Genome Biol. Evol., Eran Elhaik, Khazarian Hypothesis, Rhineland Hypothesis Nature Communications Central Band of Cherokee Ashkenazi Jews Mexico Alec Jeffreys linguistics Smithsonian Institution phenotype N. Brent Kennedy surnames Kurgan Culture Freemont Indians George Starr-Bresette Sorbs Daily News and Analysis news Applied Epistemology Cave art ethnic markers Kentucky Colima Tifaneg Belgium crypto-Jews Henriette Mertz Brian Wilkes Early Jews of England and Wales Jews and Muslims in British Colonial America Jewish novelists Native American DNA Test admixture El Castillo cave paintings DNA Diagnostics Center Elzina Grimwood National Museum of Natural History microsatellites Hertfordshire Majorca Richard III Middle Ages Jon Entine Melanesians genealogy archeology evolution Phillipe Charlier Joel E. Harris haplogroup R Jewish genetics Gravettian culture FOX News X chromosome race Telltown Ananya Mandal New York Review of Books Bill Tiffee Egyptians Arabic Douglas Owsley Donald N. Yates Current Anthropology ged.com French DNA Choctaw Indians Slovakia Kitty Prince of the Bear River Athabaskans Cherokee DNA Project Juanita Sims Y chromosomal haplogroups James Stritzel single nucleotide polymorphism Beringia James Shoemaker Cherokee DNA andrew solomon Carl Zimmer MHC clan symbols Ethel Cox population genetics North African DNA Melungeon Movement Stone Age consanguinity Richard Dewhurst Family Tree DNA Shlomo Sand haplogroup T Ari Plost Oxford Nanopore climate change Irish history Wikipedia Mucogee Creeks Altai Turks Basques Anne C. Stone prehistoric art Monica Sanowar private allele Sarmatians Robinson Crusoe Virginia genealogy John Butler Satoshi Horai Dienekes Anthropology Blog Old Souls in a New World Acadians Charles Perou giants Gila River Germany Chauvet cave paintings Irish Central Texas A&M University epigenetics Population genetics Khoisan Arizona Jewish contribution to world literature Puerto Rico metis American history mummies Cree Indians King Arthur, Tintagel, The Earliest Jews and Muslims of England and Wales Oxford Journal of Evolution Jalisco ENFSI genomics labs Melungeon Heritage Association CODIS markers Bigfoot Kari Schroeder Theodore Steinberg Muslims in American history Douglas Preston personal genomics pipe carving Les Miserables aliyah Middle Eastern DNA Tennessee Cajuns Harry Ostrer genetics Ostenaco BBCNews human leukocyte antigens Austronesian, Filipinos, Australoid Bradshaw Foundation New York Academy of Sciences occipital bun haplogroup U Eric Wayner Silverbell Artifacts New Mexico Russell Belk haplogroup M pheromones Virginia DeMarce Stony Creek Baptist Church genetic memory Europe Pomponia Graecina hominids Mary Kugler Plato haplogroup Z Society for Crypto-Judaic Studies Bulgaria Gypsies Turkic DNA Nadia Abu El-Haj polydactylism DNA Fingerprint Test Havasupai Indians Chuetas Secret History of the Cherokee Indians FDA Melungeon Union Caucasian Cleopatra Greeks Patrick Henry Ziesmer, Zizmor Holocaust Database Mohawk Thuya alleles haplogroup D Rush Limbaugh Chromosomal Labs Bode Technology New York Times Neanderthals Tintagel Sizemore surname Maya Chris Stringer Cooper surname Bentley surname research Harold Sterling Gladwin b'nei anousim Clovis hoaxes Life Technologies Scientific American Ancestry.com Navajo Indians Myra Nichols Asiatic Fathers of America Ripan Malhi Zionism Svante Paabo HapMap Colin Pitchfork Hohokam Indians Gustavo Ramirez Calderon William Byrd Johnny Depp Monya Baker Mark Thomas National Health Laboratories haplogroup C mitochondrial DNA NPR Sasquatch haplogroup N seafaring DNA Forums DNA testing companies Philippa Langley Gunnar Thompson haplogroup X University of Leicester DNA Fingerprint Test Anne Marie Fine Grim Sleeper Israel, Shlomo Sand Central Band of Cherokees Tutankamun Peter Parham Cornwall Louis XVI Melba Ketchum Richmond California education ethics haplogroup G Rafael Falk Erika Chek Hayden autosomal DNA England Navajo Abraham Lincoln Amy Harmon Wendy Roth Solutreans Elvis Presley DNA Barnard College Jewish GenWeb Lebanon Arabia Chris Tyler-Smith anthropology rapid DNA testing rock art Nature Genetics Washington D.C. Romania China Austro-Hungary Michoacan Patagonia Mary Settegast haplogroup H Waynesboro Pennsylvania Phoenix Valparaiso University prehistory Taino Indians Hawaii INORA statistics Tucson crosses Melungeons Phoenicians Neolithic Revolution religion Nayarit Pueblo Grande Museum bloviators Richard Lewontin Asiatic Echoes John Ruskamp far from the tree Kate Wong Micmac Indians Bode Technology Olmec Irish DNA Panther's Lodge Publishers Bryan Sykes Rutgers University Nephilim, Fritz Zimmerman Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute Keros Mark Stoneking Jack Goins Akhenaten Henry IV B'nai Abraham Sizemore Indians Mother Qualla Colin Renfrew Hopi Indians Khazars Roberta Estes haplogroup J Discovery Channel Rare Genes Moundbuilders Riane Eisler Wales PNAS Israel Charles Darwin African DNA Michael Grant immunology Stacy Schiff population isolates DNA magazine Black Dutch Bureau of Indian Affairs Terry Gross Wendell Paulson Abenaki Indians Sonora human leukocyte testing King Arthur George van der Merwede Normans Indo-Europeans haplogroup L Salt River Joseph Jacobs French Canadians The Calalus Texts research Stephen A. Leon Britain Cherokee Freedmen Jews history of science Cismar El Paso Sir Joshua Reynolds Isabel Allende Italy Bering Land Bridge Patrick Pynes family history Timothy Bestor oncology Richard Buckley art history London Michael Schwartz haplogroup E Smithsonian Magazine Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Scotland Zizmer Rebecca L. Cann Helladic art Ireland Science magazine bar mitzvah Douglas C. Wallace Early Jews and Muslims of England and Wales (book) First Peoples Miguel Gonzalez GlobalFiler powwows medicine Peter Martyr university of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Stephen Oppenheimer Alabama Sam Kean Indian Territory EURO DNA Fingerprint Test Ukraine ethnicity India Gregory Mendel Paleolithic Age IntegenX Barack Obama Anasazi Hadassah Magazine Zuni Indians Sea Peoples DNA security Cohen Modal Haplotype Maronites methylation Thruston Tablet Discover magazine Echota Cherokee Tribe of Alabama AP Kari Carpenter M. J. Harper Jesse Montes cancer Mildred Gentry Cismaru Bryony Jones Walter Plecker District of Columbia Marija Gimbutas Ron Janke Lithuania Leicester Y chromosome DNA origins of art corn Old World Roots of the Cherokee Nancy Gentry Teresa Panther-Yates human migrations megapopulations 23andme Nikola Tesla ancient DNA Yates surname Hohokam Horatio Cushman John Wilwol David Cornish genetic determinism mutation rate Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma Luca Pagani Kennewick Man health and medicine Rich Crankshaw Pueblo Indians Eske Willerslev forensics Denisovans American Journal of Human Genetics Nova Scotia mental foramen Cancer Genome Atlas gedmatch Joseph Andrew Park Wilson Great Goddess Constantine Rafinesque Pima Indians Antonio Torroni Asian DNA Arizona State University breast cancer ISOGG Daniel Defoe Albert Einstein College of Medicine Henry VII Black Irish Panther's Lodge European DNA Elizabeth C. Hirschman Anglo-Saxons Sinaloa Magdalenian culture Alia Garcia-Ureste Fritz Zimmerman haplogroup B Tom Martin Scroft familial Mediterranean fever FBI Marie Cheng Anacostia Indians When Scotland Was Jewish Epigraphic Society peopling of the Americas Roma People Promega Lab Corp Sinti Comanche Indians Genie Milgrom Finnish people Columbia University haplogroup W Holocaust Odessa Shields Cox Celts National Geographic Daily News Elizabeth DeLand Hispanic ancestry