If you want to discover your genetic history and where you came from... you’ve found the right place!


review of scientific and news articles on dna testing and popular genetics

Filipinos, Negritos and Austronesians

Thursday, January 13, 2011

The Y-chromosome landscape of the Philippines: extensive heterogeneity and varying genetic affinities of Negrito and non-Negrito groups

Frederick Delfin1,2, Jazelyn M Salvador1, Gayvelline C Calacal1, Henry B Perdigon1, Kristina A Tabbada1, Lilian P Villamor1, Saturnina C Halos1, Ellen Gunnarsdóttir2, Sean Myles1,6, David A Hughes2, Shuhua Xu3, Li Jin3, Oscar Lao4, Manfred Kayser4, Matthew E Hurles5, Mark Stoneking2 and Maria Corazon A De Ungria1

European Journal of Human Genetics (2011) 19, 224–230; doi:10.1038/ejhg.2010.162; published online 29 September 2010


The Philippines exhibits a rich diversity of people, languages, and culture, including so-called ‘Negrito’ groups that have for long fascinated anthropologists, yet little is known about their genetic diversity. We report here, a survey of Y-chromosome variation in 390 individuals from 16 Filipino ethnolinguistic groups, including six Negrito groups, from across the archipelago. We find extreme diversity in the Y-chromosome lineages of Filipino groups with heterogeneity seen in both Negrito and non-Negrito groups, which does not support a simple dichotomy of Filipino groups as Negrito vs non-Negrito. Filipino non-recombining region of the human Y chromosome lineages reflect a chronology that extends from after the initial colonization of the Asia-Pacific region, to the time frame of the Austronesian expansion. Filipino groups appear to have diverse genetic affinities with different populations in the Asia-Pacific region. In particular, some Negrito groups are associated with indigenous Australians, with a potential time for the association ranging from the initial colonization of the region to more recent (after colonization) times. Overall, our results indicate extensive heterogeneity contributing to a complex genetic history for Filipino groups, with varying roles for migrations from outside the Philippines, genetic drift, and admixture among neighboring groups.


Please tell us what you think

Name, website, and email are optional; if we publish your comment, your name will be shown, and may be linked to your website if provided, but the email you enter will not be published.

Captcha Image

Recent Posts


Tennessee Alabama Teresa Panther-Yates Richard III Abenaki Indians Nephilim, Fritz Zimmerman familial Mediterranean fever GlobalFiler Rare Genes Smithsonian Institution Cismaru Bradshaw Foundation oncology mitochondrial DNA Cooper surname Y chromosomal haplogroups Stan Steiner Joel E. Harris Richmond California Wales James Stritzel Wendell Paulson Altai Turks Anne C. Stone Cleopatra Society for Crypto-Judaic Studies Early Jews of England and Wales mental foramen National Museum of Natural History pheromones Paleolithic Age Patrick Henry Tucson Penny Ferguson French DNA Abraham Lincoln Austronesian, Filipinos, Australoid Eric Wayner art history Normans Gregory Mendel Kennewick Man Ashkenazi Jews polydactylism Daily News and Analysis INORA Ananya Mandal Stone Age Charlotte Harris Reese Rutgers University genetics Magdalenian culture Applied Epistemology Arabic mummies Jan Ravenspirit Franz Olmec Cornwall megapopulations DNA Diagnostics Center Barnard College clan symbols Old Souls in a New World Michael Schwartz DNA Fingerprint Test Akhenaten Hohokam Indians North African DNA Columbia University far from the tree Svante Paabo DNA security Louis XVI Mother Qualla Mexico Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Asiatic Echoes 23andme occipital bun Kate Wong When Scotland Was Jewish DNA testing companies genealogy mutation rate Bill Tiffee haplogroup H Melungeons metis Lebanon Zuni Indians Janet Lewis Crain Maronites Tifaneg Bode Technology history of science Cree Indians District of Columbia climate change Richard Lewontin corn Native American DNA ethnicity Isabel Allende Middle Ages Charles Darwin Israel haplogroup M Ancient Giantns Who Ruled America Etruscans Epigraphic Society Comanche Indians Chris Tyler-Smith race Michael Grant Secret History of the Cherokee Indians Hispanic ancestry epigenetics Fritz Zimmerman Stony Creek Baptist Church Harold Sterling Gladwin Anglo-Saxons pipe carving Cherokee DNA American history aliyah Virginia DeMarce private allele rapid DNA testing Elizabeth C. Hirschman Irish Central Timothy Bestor surnames Amy Harmon Colin Renfrew crypto-Jews Luca Pagani Horatio Cushman Austro-Hungary Juanita Sims Khazars El Castillo cave paintings immunology Choctaw Indians Iran Black Irish Bigfoot Maya Ziesmer, Zizmor NPR Rush Limbaugh Mark Thomas Jewish novelists Henriette Mertz Stephen Oppenheimer Arizona State University Charles Perou Puerto Rico Roma People Victor Hugo Tom Martin Scroft DNA Forums Finnish people Algonquian Indians human leukocyte testing New York Review of Books Melba Ketchum myths Washington D.C. Phyllis Starnes Holocaust Database Erika Chek Hayden Salt River Cismar Early Jews and Muslims of England and Wales (book) Nikola Tesla India cannibalism North Carolina Telltown medicine Sarmatians Theodore Steinberg National Health Laboratories John Butler haplogroup N Kentucky Caucasian Havasupai Indians Albert Einstein College of Medicine IntegenX Middle Eastern DNA Rich Crankshaw genetic memory Johnny Depp Nova Scotia haplogroup B Ancestry.com Turkic DNA Navajo Indians Keros Central Band of Cherokees Jon Entine Waynesboro Pennsylvania B'nai Abraham Roberta Estes HapMap Slovakia MHC Cherokee DNA Project Brian Wilkes Yates surname andrew solomon African DNA haplogroup U Ostenaco seafaring Carl Zimmer Panther's Lodge Marija Gimbutas haplogroup J Science Daily, Genome Biol. Evol., Eran Elhaik, Khazarian Hypothesis, Rhineland Hypothesis Anne Marie Fine Jone Entine Jewish genetics Ireland Micmac Indians Black Dutch John Ruskamp haplogroup C Discover magazine admixture Native American DNA Test Chromosomal Labs Bode Technology Kari Carpenter human migrations Lab Corp George van der Merwede haplogroup T Germany clinical chemistry Echota Cherokee Tribe of Alabama Anacostia Indians Robinson Crusoe education cancer Ripan Malhi Asian DNA Jesse Montes Jalisco Zionism Lithuania Hopi Indians Ron Janke peopling of the Americas haplogroup L Nadia Abu El-Haj Mark Stoneking ged.com Rafael Falk ethics Tutankamun Gypsies Panther's Lodge Publishers Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma John Wilwol haplogroup E Navajo palatal tori Arabia FDA Richard Buckley European DNA Gila River Genex Diagnostics Melungeon Movement Life Technologies PNAS New York Academy of Sciences Shlomo Sand Peter Parham Ukraine Pima Indians Neolithic Revolution hominids anthropology hoaxes Indo-Europeans Sinaloa Arizona Bulgaria Constantine Rafinesque Barack Obama French Canadians population isolates Colima King Arthur Bering Land Bridge Cave art haplogroup W Kari Schroeder Kurgan Culture Dienekes Anthropology Blog Jews and Muslims in British Colonial America breast cancer Cohen Modal Haplotype Y chromosome DNA Discovery Channel Pueblo Grande Museum Acadians giants phenotype Les Miserables Antonio Torroni Population genetics Colin Pitchfork New York Times research genomics labs Peter Martyr Jewish GenWeb Bureau of Indian Affairs ISOGG Douglas C. Wallace Douglas Preston The Nation magazine Mildred Gentry personal genomics Elizabeth DeLand Romania Smithsonian Magazine George Starr-Bresette Hohokam population genetics Ethel Cox health and medicine rock art Mary Settegast Bentley surname research M. J. Harper New Mexico Marie Cheng Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute Thuya Egyptians DNA Fingerprint Test Cajuns Taino Indians autosomal DNA bar mitzvah Great Goddess Clovis Daniel Defoe Irish history Nature Communications gedmatch Freemont Indians Riane Eisler China Plato Russia Scientific American Promega Ari Plost Mary Kugler Richard Dewhurst ENFSI Leicester Jack Goins Greeks Phoenix Zizmer Nancy Gentry King Arthur, Tintagel, The Earliest Jews and Muslims of England and Wales DNA magazine Holocaust Dragging Canoe Neanderthals Irish DNA X chromosome human leukocyte antigens Patrick Pynes Wendy Roth William Byrd statistics consanguinity Nature Genetics Harold Goodwin Sorbs Wikipedia Grim Sleeper horizontal inheritance First Peoples haplogroup X Phoenicians news Donald N. Yates FOX News James Shoemaker evolution Thruston Tablet microsatellites Alec Jeffreys Phillipe Charlier Britain Old World Roots of the Cherokee England Belgium Sam Kean Cherokee Freedmen Hawaii haplogroup R Hertfordshire Helladic art Sizemore surname origins of art Nayarit Stacy Schiff Sasquatch Oxford Nanopore EURO DNA Fingerprint Test alleles Maui Monica Sanowar single nucleotide polymorphism Anasazi Indian Territory prehistoric art Oxford Journal of Evolution Elvis Presley DNA Sinti Sir Joshua Reynolds Harry Ostrer Khoisan ethnic markers archeology Celts Monya Baker powwows Central Band of Cherokee Science magazine Walter Plecker University of Leicester Cancer Genome Atlas Rebecca L. Cann Sonora Kitty Prince of the Bear River Athabaskans university of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Europe American Journal of Human Genetics Melanesians Bryan Sykes genetic determinism prehistory National Geographic Daily News Mucogee Creeks Denisovans Asiatic Fathers of America Douglas Owsley Scotland Chauvet cave paintings bloviators methylation Moundbuilders Elzina Grimwood Michoacan ancient DNA BATWING Melungeon Heritage Association Texas A&M University Basques Henry VII Jews Chuetas haplogroup D Joseph Jacobs Jim Bentley religion N. Brent Kennedy Pomponia Graecina Terry Gross Odessa Shields Cox Bryony Jones linguistics Russell Belk Gunnar Thompson Eske Willerslev Virginia genealogy Satoshi Horai Melungeon Union Sizemore Indians Current Anthropology AP Valparaiso University Karenn Worstell Chris Stringer Solutreans DNA databases Henry IV Israel, Shlomo Sand Beringia forensics Gravettian culture Patagonia Joseph Andrew Park Wilson Sea Peoples CODIS markers FBI BBCNews David Cornish Jewish contribution to world literature family history haplogroup Z Italy Genome Sciences Building Majorca Family Tree DNA Tintagel Pueblo Indians Philippa Langley London Miguel Gonzalez Muslims in American history Mohawk