If you want to discover your genetic history and where you came from... you’ve found the right place!


review of scientific and news articles on dna testing and popular genetics

Filipinos, Negritos and Austronesians

Thursday, January 13, 2011

The Y-chromosome landscape of the Philippines: extensive heterogeneity and varying genetic affinities of Negrito and non-Negrito groups

Frederick Delfin1,2, Jazelyn M Salvador1, Gayvelline C Calacal1, Henry B Perdigon1, Kristina A Tabbada1, Lilian P Villamor1, Saturnina C Halos1, Ellen Gunnarsdóttir2, Sean Myles1,6, David A Hughes2, Shuhua Xu3, Li Jin3, Oscar Lao4, Manfred Kayser4, Matthew E Hurles5, Mark Stoneking2 and Maria Corazon A De Ungria1

European Journal of Human Genetics (2011) 19, 224–230; doi:10.1038/ejhg.2010.162; published online 29 September 2010


The Philippines exhibits a rich diversity of people, languages, and culture, including so-called ‘Negrito’ groups that have for long fascinated anthropologists, yet little is known about their genetic diversity. We report here, a survey of Y-chromosome variation in 390 individuals from 16 Filipino ethnolinguistic groups, including six Negrito groups, from across the archipelago. We find extreme diversity in the Y-chromosome lineages of Filipino groups with heterogeneity seen in both Negrito and non-Negrito groups, which does not support a simple dichotomy of Filipino groups as Negrito vs non-Negrito. Filipino non-recombining region of the human Y chromosome lineages reflect a chronology that extends from after the initial colonization of the Asia-Pacific region, to the time frame of the Austronesian expansion. Filipino groups appear to have diverse genetic affinities with different populations in the Asia-Pacific region. In particular, some Negrito groups are associated with indigenous Australians, with a potential time for the association ranging from the initial colonization of the region to more recent (after colonization) times. Overall, our results indicate extensive heterogeneity contributing to a complex genetic history for Filipino groups, with varying roles for migrations from outside the Philippines, genetic drift, and admixture among neighboring groups.


Please tell us what you think

Name, website, and email are optional; if we publish your comment, your name will be shown, and may be linked to your website if provided, but the email you enter will not be published.

Captcha Image

Recent Posts


Columbia University 23andme King Arthur genetic determinism phenotype Anglo-Saxons Oxford Journal of Evolution Normans Bering Land Bridge haplogroup C Sonora genealogy pheromones Scotland haplogroup B Douglas Owsley Indian Territory Asiatic Fathers of America Holocaust FOX News Michael Grant Ari Plost Valparaiso University Cleopatra Odessa Shields Cox Black Irish James Shoemaker origins of art ISOGG Choctaw Indians Pima Indians Kari Carpenter Rare Genes Nature Genetics Current Anthropology Daily News and Analysis District of Columbia Phyllis Starnes Asiatic Echoes Patrick Henry Zuni Indians Oxford Nanopore Donald N. Yates Bode Technology seafaring Isabel Allende Salt River Robinson Crusoe Sasquatch Tutankamun powwows Kentucky Denisovans Black Dutch Mary Settegast DNA Fingerprint Test Indo-Europeans Thuya Hadassah Magazine Alec Jeffreys polydactylism Old Souls in a New World Zizmer Stephen Oppenheimer population isolates The Calalus Texts Sea Peoples Sam Kean Nayarit B'nai Abraham Y chromosome DNA Gunnar Thompson Jewish contribution to world literature India Kennewick Man Erika Chek Hayden Anacostia Indians Ukraine Freemont Indians Clovis Nikola Tesla Chris Stringer Melungeon Union Comanche Indians methylation Magdalenian culture Henry VII research Leicester Stacy Schiff Cohen Modal Haplotype Patagonia alleles National Geographic Daily News haplogroup J Keros corn Pueblo Indians FDA Navajo Shlomo Sand Melba Ketchum Lab Corp Jalisco Riane Eisler American history single nucleotide polymorphism James Stritzel George Starr-Bresette Rush Limbaugh MHC haplogroup D Native American DNA Terry Gross Slovakia Anne Marie Fine art history Beringia Bureau of Indian Affairs INORA Theodore Steinberg Promega Teresa Panther-Yates John Wilwol Nadia Abu El-Haj Anne C. Stone Antonio Torroni Wendy Roth Barack Obama Lithuania b'nei anousim Johnny Depp EURO DNA Fingerprint Test megapopulations Douglas C. Wallace Chauvet cave paintings population genetics cannibalism Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute Tennessee Chromosomal Labs Bode Technology Tucson crosses evolution Turkic DNA Bentley surname research Barnard College Dienekes Anthropology Blog haplogroup H Elizabeth DeLand El Castillo cave paintings Holocaust Database Majorca Colin Renfrew Sizemore Indians statistics Caucasian family history Genie Milgrom Kate Wong clan symbols palatal tori Nova Scotia Bradshaw Foundation Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act religion giants Jim Bentley Bryony Jones Pomponia Graecina Sinti personal genomics Cherokee Freedmen Ziesmer, Zizmor Mother Qualla DNA Fingerprint Test Fritz Zimmerman Wendell Paulson bloviators Ethel Cox Albert Einstein College of Medicine Yates surname cancer health and medicine Greeks autosomal DNA Jewish genetics Middle Eastern DNA Douglas Preston Gypsies Celts Michael Schwartz gedmatch Navajo Indians Austronesian, Filipinos, Australoid Ireland William Byrd peopling of the Americas Washington D.C. Cree Indians Tifaneg Victor Hugo haplogroup R Mucogee Creeks haplogroup M genomics labs Juanita Sims Alia Garcia-Ureste DNA magazine Russell Belk Daniel Defoe Chuetas Cismaru metis ENFSI Moundbuilders Amy Harmon Virginia DeMarce rock art Akhenaten Epigraphic Society Svante Paabo Mary Kugler Maya haplogroup W archeology race Jack Goins Stony Creek Baptist Church Bulgaria ethnicity oncology London Basques Israel Waynesboro Pennsylvania Kitty Prince of the Bear River Athabaskans Khazars ethnic markers Richmond California Austro-Hungary NPR Mark Stoneking Rich Crankshaw Echota Cherokee Tribe of Alabama mummies Nancy Gentry anthropology Rutgers University epigenetics El Paso Maui Micmac Indians Mohawk Genome Sciences Building FBI Cooper surname Population genetics European DNA Secret History of the Cherokee Indians prehistory The Nation magazine George van der Merwede Russia Virginia genealogy Melanesians X chromosome rapid DNA testing Colin Pitchfork Marija Gimbutas Cismar hominids Anasazi Jan Ravenspirit Franz Etruscans Horatio Cushman DNA security bar mitzvah Texas A&M University New York Review of Books mutation rate AP Bill Tiffee Kari Schroeder Arabia private allele Taino Indians American Journal of Human Genetics Italy Ron Janke Britain Middle Ages Stan Steiner Joseph Andrew Park Wilson Phillipe Charlier Irish Central GlobalFiler Charlotte Harris Reese microsatellites Rafael Falk crypto-Jews Asian DNA Panther's Lodge Publishers Grim Sleeper Tintagel myths Central Band of Cherokee Roma People Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma Richard Dewhurst Charles Perou Arabic IntegenX Great Goddess Khoisan Pueblo Grande Museum Elizabeth C. Hirschman Society for Crypto-Judaic Studies Wales forensics Family Tree DNA Walter Plecker Wikipedia Jews and Muslims in British Colonial America Melungeons Hohokam Indians Havasupai Indians Romania Marie Cheng consanguinity haplogroup X Patrick Pynes Hopi Indians Arizona State University Tucson Science magazine North African DNA Abraham Lincoln Kurgan Culture immunology Rebecca L. Cann Ananya Mandal Ripan Malhi New York Times Jon Entine climate change medicine Neolithic Revolution Finnish people N. Brent Kennedy human leukocyte testing Melungeon Heritage Association Harold Sterling Gladwin French Canadians Peter Parham horizontal inheritance Constantine Rafinesque Egyptians Dragging Canoe genetics Telltown haplogroup T Sir Joshua Reynolds Phoenicians Gila River university of North Carolina at Chapel Hill First Peoples Ancient Giantns Who Ruled America Discovery Channel Plato John Butler genetic memory Mexico Panther's Lodge clinical chemistry Cave art Israel, Shlomo Sand news PNAS Smithsonian Magazine Irish history New Mexico Jesse Montes Cornwall University of Leicester Abenaki Indians human leukocyte antigens Les Miserables David Cornish Carl Zimmer Algonquian Indians Tom Martin Scroft Early Jews and Muslims of England and Wales (book) ged.com Elvis Presley DNA haplogroup G National Health Laboratories pipe carving admixture Nature Communications Joseph Jacobs breast cancer Cancer Genome Atlas Maronites Zionism BATWING Philippa Langley DNA Forums Ashkenazi Jews Eric Wayner Luca Pagani DNA Diagnostics Center Genex Diagnostics New York Academy of Sciences Eske Willerslev Hispanic ancestry Jews haplogroup U occipital bun Hertfordshire Life Technologies Silverbell Artifacts Europe Hawaii Brian Wilkes aliyah Mark Thomas DNA databases China Satoshi Horai Timothy Bestor haplogroup L hoaxes surnames Janet Lewis Crain Roberta Estes mental foramen Melungeon Movement Cherokee DNA Project Bryan Sykes history of science Colima haplogroup E Peter Martyr education Sarmatians Sizemore surname andrew solomon Jewish novelists Thruston Tablet Nephilim, Fritz Zimmerman Louis XVI Ostenaco Muslims in American history Neanderthals Native American DNA Test Smithsonian Institution Stephen A. Leon Gravettian culture Early Jews of England and Wales human migrations Michoacan Gregory Mendel haplogroup Z haplogroup N Hohokam Charles Darwin Cajuns Richard Buckley Joel E. Harris Mildred Gentry Monya Baker Phoenix Cherokee DNA England Lebanon Monica Sanowar Science Daily, Genome Biol. Evol., Eran Elhaik, Khazarian Hypothesis, Rhineland Hypothesis Miguel Gonzalez Chris Tyler-Smith familial Mediterranean fever ethics Sorbs Iran ancient DNA Gustavo Ramirez Calderon Olmec Belgium Irish DNA Paleolithic Age CODIS markers John Ruskamp Penny Ferguson Arizona Scientific American African DNA Applied Epistemology Solutreans Richard Lewontin Alabama Henriette Mertz Discover magazine BBCNews Central Band of Cherokees Y chromosomal haplogroups North Carolina Acadians Harry Ostrer Elzina Grimwood Puerto Rico HapMap mitochondrial DNA Myra Nichols Helladic art Ancestry.com far from the tree linguistics When Scotland Was Jewish M. J. Harper Stone Age Germany Jewish GenWeb Richard III Bigfoot Sinaloa Altai Turks Old World Roots of the Cherokee Henry IV National Museum of Natural History DNA testing companies French DNA King Arthur, Tintagel, The Earliest Jews and Muslims of England and Wales prehistoric art